Challenges and Trends

Focusing on the future


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Multiple types of individual needs

There are different types of individual who have various needs. To understand these difficulties, there is an amount of research papers focusing on the specific impairments. Once the users well supported, it is important to know the detailed knowledge of the needs and abilities of users who have particular impairments.

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More academic rigour across the discipline

Several AT interventions are a lack of the AT's efficacy because of the limited research experiments, so it is hard to fulfill the need for users of the strict academic rigor in various discipline. Aiming to address this, specific guidelines for assessing the quality of research on educational technology for special needs have been produced, but it may be difficult to put this into practice across all disciplines.

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Available access for users to use AT

Although there have been various assistive technology tools which costumers could choose between, including both free tools and commercial tools, the provision of AT in education is not always straightforward, and can vary greatly depending on the stages of education. Hoppestad notes that “Persons with disabilities are typically underserved in the realm of AT due to their own lack of knowledge, limited availability of trained personnel, and a dearth of resources.” Provision of assistive technologies in education is not always straightforward and can vary greatly depending on the stage of education.

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Respect the privacy of individuals

This is a difficult issue, particularly since children (or parents) may be happy to give consent at the time of being asked, but may not realise the implications of being named in published works or web pages which will be archived and persist over time, and which it may be very difficult to remove names from at a later date. Besides, several families containing people with impairments may refuse the research work as protecting their reputation.

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The wider context of use

It is hard to cover in short-term studies is the need to think about the wider context of use. Considering the relationship between the learner and the teacher is important, the understanding and the cognition of the educators towards technology in common, and particular assistive technology is key factors which should be paid attention. The reality currently is that very few studies considered the application of technologies in public space, in the home, or other places; however, this is a siginificant factor should be focused.

Future Trends

Easy Development and Availability of Apps for Portable Devices

In the past time, assistive technologies such as alternative/augmentative communication (AAC) devices have limited functions. With the development of the computer science and relating devices, currently, it is not hard to develop the high-quality, fully portable and open-source assistive technology for fulfilling the needs of multiply types of users.

Also, the responsive design stimulates the interoperability among different platforms, such as desktops, iPods, and mobile phones. For example, the applications for helping disabilities in mobile version have been sold in app stores, such as iSigns, Picture Scheduler, and iPrompts. We also can find some tools for disabilities in the menu of accessibility in iPhone.

Gesture-Based Input

The way people interact with their devices determines more than what they can do with them. Smartphones became popular not just because of their ability to connect people with the rest of the world, but also because of the connections people built with them, thanks primarily to touch input. Just as the mouse accelerated portable computing, touch input accelerated the growth of smartphones and tablets. When Steve Jobs walked up to announce the iPhone, he spoke of the connection we were about to experience thanks to touch input.

Possibly the most popular form of gesture-based input is Kinect.Kinect has some wonderful applications away from gaming and Skyping, especially in the field of medicine. Researchers at the University of Minnesota have used Kinect to measure disorder symptoms like autism and obsessive-compulsive disorder, in children.

Cloud Computing

Cloud computing is an Internet administration that enables individuals to access reports, programs, and different apparatuses without being at a particular PC. The Global Public Inclusive Infrastructure (GPII) is a venture attempting to make availability highlights - amplification, screen perusers, voice acknowledgment, and so on.- - accessible to more individuals, at lower cost, through distributed computing. Clients will make an individual profile of their interface needs and inclinations; they could then sign in at any PC, cell phone, ipad, and so forth to consequently utilize their favored settings.